Cart: $0.00 - (0 items )



(1) Robert C. Langan, MD; Patricia B. Gotsch, MD; Michael A. Drafczyk, MD; and David D. Skillinge,DO: Ulcerative Colitis: Diagnosis and Treatment; St. Luke’s Family Medicine Residency, Bethelehem, Pennsylvania

(2) Crohn’s and Colitis Foundations of America:Fact Sheet – About Chilhood IBD: (2014)

(3) Oregon State University: Linus Pauling Institute; Micronutriant Information Center;

(4) Human Genome Project: United States Government; All About The Human Genome Project (HGP);

(5) NHS Inform: Ulcerative Colitis: Complications of Ulcerative Colitis;

(6) CCFA Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: Arthritis;

(7) Wikipedia: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC);

(8) CCFA Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: Skin Complications;

 (9)  US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health; PubMed: 2005; Ginger–an herbal medicinal product with broad anti-inflammatory actions;

(10) J. R Kelsen, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari: MDMedscape; Ulcerative Colitis in Children.

 (11) Fraga XF, Vergara M, Medina C, et al. Effects of smoking on the presentation and clinical course of inflammatory bowel disease. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1997;9:683–687. [PubMed]

(12) Madretsma S, Wolters LMM, van Dijk JPM, et al. In-vivo effect of nicotine on cytokine production by human non-adherent mononuclear cells. Eur J Gastrenterol Hepatol. 1996;8:1017–1020. [PubMed]

(13) van Dijk APMMeijssen MAC, Brouwer AJB, et al. Transdermal nicotine inhibits interleukin 2 synthesis by mononuclear cells derived from healthy volunteers. Eur J Clin Invest. 1998;28:664–671. [PubMed]

(14) Thomas GO, RhodesJ,Ragunath K, et al. Transdermal nicotine compared with oral prednisolone therapy for active ulcerative colitis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1996;8:769–776. [PubMed]

 (15) Zijistra FJ, Srivastava ED, Rhodes M, et al. Effect of nicotine on rectal mucosa and mucosal eicosanoids. Gut. 1994;35:247–251. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

(16) Srivastava ED, RusselMA,Feyerabend C, Rhodes J. Effect of ulcerative colitis and smoking on rectal blood flow. Gut. 1990;31:1021–1024. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

(17) Kershbaum A, Pappajohn DJ, Bellet S, et al. Effect of smoking and nicotine on adrenocortical secretion. JAMA. 1968;203:275–278. [PubMed]

(18) Medline Plus, (27 March 2014) Nicotine Transdermal Patch

(19), (22) Human Diseases and Conditions, Intestinal Parasites

(20), (21) Hulda Regehr Clark, Ph.D., N.D., in The Cure for All Cancers, (1993)  The Parasite Problem

(23) Omar Amin, MD, PCI Parasitology Center Inc., (2010) Parasites

(24) Comar KM, Kirby DF. Herbal remedies in gastroenterology. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;39:457–68.[PubMed]

(25) Vernia P, Monteleone G, Grandinetti G, Villotti G, Di Giulio E, Frieri G, et al. Combined oral sodium butyrate and mesalazine treatment compared to oral mesalazine alone in ulcerative colitis: randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled pilot study. Dig Dis Sci. 2000;45:976–81. [PubMed]

(26) . Ben-Arye E, Goldin E, Wengrower D, Stamper A, Kohn R, Berry E. Wheat grass juice in the treatment of active distal ulcerative colitis: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Scand J Gastroenterol.2002;37:444–9. [PubMed]

(27)  Fernández-Bañares F, Hinojosa J, Sánchez-Lombraña JL, Navarro E, Martínez-Salmerón JF, García-Pugés A, et al. Randomized clinical trial of Plantago ovata seeds (dietary fiber) as compared with mesalamine in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis. Spanish Group for the Study of Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (GETECCU) Am J Gastroenterol. 1999;94:427–33. [PubMed]

Write a Reply or Comment:

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload the CAPTCHA.

  1. If you have any questions please feel free to email here
Back to top